With the holiday season rapidly approaching, many of us eagerly anticipate the upcoming Thanksgiving dinner. A time for family, friends, and delicious food; it's easy to get carried away and indulge in all the tasty treats. However, with such an enormous feast often comes discomfort and digestive issues. But fear not! With some simple tips and tricks, you can protect your gastrointestinal system and enjoy all the joys of Thanksgiving without any unpleasant side effects.

Preparing for the Holiday Feasts – The Do’s and Don’ts


1. Eat regular, balanced meals: Don't skip until Thanksgiving dinner. Instead, eat regular, nutritious meals with whole grains, lean protein, and fresh fruits and vegetables. This will keep your metabolism stable and prevent overeating during the big feast.

2. Hydrate: Drinking ample water is crucial to keep your digestive system functioning correctly. Aim for at least 8 glasses of water daily, and remember to drink even more if you're consuming alcoholic beverages.

3. Exercise: Regular physical activity aids your digestive system in processing food and helps keep your metabolism humming.


1. Overindulge: It's easy to get carried away with all the delicious food, but try to exercise some restraint. Overeating can lead to discomfort and digestive issues.

2. Eat too fast: Take your time and enjoy your meal. Eating too quickly can cause indigestion.

3. Neglect fiber: Don't neglect high-fiber foods. These can help keep your digestive system running smoothly and prevent constipation. The Thanksgiving table usually has fiber-rich options like sweet potatoes, green beans, and whole grains.

How to Avoid Common Gastrointestinal Issues

Avoiding common gastrointestinal issues during Thanksgiving doesn't have to be a chore. Here are a few effective strategies:

1. Mindful Eating: Pay attention to what and how much you eat. Being conscious of your food intake can prevent overeaters and help you savor each bite. Listen to your body and eat only until you're comfortably full.

2. Limit Fatty Foods: Foods high in fat can slow down digestion and may cause heartburn. Balance your meal with lean proteins and vegetables alongside more indulgent dishes.

3. Manage Portion Sizes: Instead of piling your plate high with everything on offer, take smaller portions. You can always go back for seconds if you're still hungry.

4. Avoid Gassy Foods: Certain foods like beans, broccoli, onions, and carbonated drinks can increase gas in your digestive system and cause discomfort. If you're prone to bloating, it might be worth limiting these.

5. Stay Active: A short walk after your meal can aid digestion and help ease any discomfort. Plus, it's a great way to enjoy quality time with your loved ones!

Everyone's body reacts differently to different foods, so it's important to listen to your body and respond accordingly. Your Thanksgiving feast doesn't have to be a recipe for discomfort if you approach it with a plan and a little mindfulness.

Stocking Up on Probiotics and Digestive Enzymes

Probiotics and digestive enzymes are crucial in maintaining a healthy gut, especially during rich or excessive eating periods like Thanksgiving. Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that promote a healthy balance in your gut flora, aiding digestion and supporting immune function. They can be found in fermented foods like yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, and kombucha or taken as dietary supplements. It's a good idea to incorporate probiotics into your diet leading up to and during the holiday season to help your gut cope with the extra load.

On the other hand, digestive enzymes are proteins that facilitate the breakdown of food into nutrients for your body to absorb. They can be accommodating if you indulge a little more than usual, helping to reduce bloating, gas, and other digestive discomfort. Foods like pineapple and papaya are natural sources of digestive enzymes, or you may choose to take a supplement.

However, it's important to remember that while probiotics and digestive enzymes can support your digestive health, they do not replace mindful eating and a balanced diet. Consult with a healthcare provider before starting any new supplement regimen.

Eating in Moderation and Avoiding Overeating

Eating in moderation means consuming just the right amount of calories your body needs for energy without overindulging. This balance is crucial for maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding the discomfort and potential health issues associated with overeating. Here are some strategies to help:

1. Smaller Portions: Start with smaller portions, then return for more if you're still hungry. You'll often find that what seemed like a modest serving is quite satisfying.

2. Slower Eating: It takes time for your brain to register you're full. Eating slower gives your body the chance to catch up to your brain, which can help keep overeating in check.

3. Balanced Plate: Aim for various foods on your plate to ensure a balance of nutrients. Include lean proteins, whole grains, and plenty of fruits and vegetables.

4. Listening to Your Body: Pay attention to your hunger and fullness cues. Eat when you're genuinely hungry, and stop when you're comfortable, not stuffed.

5. Regular Meals and Snacks: Don't skip meals or snacks in an attempt to 'save' calories for one big feast. This often backfires, leading to overeating due to excessive hunger.

6. Mindful Eating: Focus on your meal when you eat. Avoid distractions like television or work, which can lead to mindless overeating.

Remember, Thanksgiving is but one day out of the year. Enjoy the holiday and the food it brings, but remember that consistently eating in moderation is the key to lasting health and wellness.

Making Sure You Get Enough Fiber in Your Diet

A fiber-rich diet can provide several health benefits, including aiding digestion, maintaining weight control, and lowering the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Following are some strategies to ensure you are consuming enough fiber daily:

1. Incorporate Whole Grains: Choose whole-grain bread, pasta, rice, and cereal over refined grain products. Whole grains retain all parts of the grain — the bran, germ, and endosperm high in fiber.

2. Consume Plenty of Fruits and Vegetables: Fruits and vegetables are not only a rich source of fiber but also contain essential vitamins and antioxidants. Aim to fill half your plate with various fruits and vegetables in every meal.

3. Include Legumes in Your Diet: Beans, lentils, peas, and other legumes are a great source of fiber. They can be included in salads or soups as a side dish.

4. Eat Nuts and Seeds: Eating a handful of nuts or seeds as a snack is a quick and easy way to boost your fiber intake. They also provide healthy fats and proteins.

5. Stay Hydrated: When you consume fiber, it's also important to drink plenty of fluids. Fiber works best when it absorbs water, making stool soft and bulky.

Incorporating these strategies into your daily eating habits can help you increase your fiber intake. However, like any dietary change, gradually increasing your fiber consumption is best to allow your body time to adjust. Always remember a balanced diet is about variety and moderation.

Increasing Water Consumption To Keep Your Body Hydrated

Hydration is crucial for numerous bodily functions, including maintaining the health of your skin, regulating body temperature, and aiding digestion. Staying hydrated is crucial when increasing your fiber intake, as water works with fiber to support a healthy digestive system. Here are some strategies for enhancing your water consumption:

1. Begin and End Your Day with Water: Start your day with a glass of water and drink another before bed. This habit contributes to your total water intake and provides a consistent hydration schedule.

2. Use a Water Bottle: Carrying a reusable water bottle with you throughout the day can serve as a constant reminder to drink more water. Choose a bottle with marked measurements to help track your consumption.

3. Eat Hydrating Foods: Foods such as cucumbers, watermelon, oranges, and strawberries are high in water content and can contribute to your overall hydration.

4. Flavor Your Water: If you find plain water boring, consider adding a slice of lemon, lime, or cucumber or a splash of fruit juice for a hint of flavor.

5. Hydrate Before, During, and After Exercise: Physical activity increases your body's water requirements, so ensure you drink plenty before, during, and after your workout.

Remember, the amount of water each person needs can vary depending on factors such as body weight, activity level, and climate. Listen to your body's cues and drink when you're thirsty. Regularly consuming enough water helps to keep your body functioning optimally and supports overall well-being.

Taking Time to Relax Before and After Meals

Taking time to relax before and after meals is a beneficial practice that can enhance your overall eating experience and contribute to better digestion. When you are relaxed, your body is in a state known as 'rest and digest', which is ideal for optimal digestion. Here are some strategies to help create a calm and relaxed environment around meal times:

1. Mindful Breathing: Try taking a few deep, mindful breaths before you start your meal. This can help initiate relaxation and prepare your body for digestion.

2. Eating in a Calm Environment: Aim to eat in a calm and pleasant setting. Avoid eating in front of the TV or while working, as distractions can lead to overeating and hinder digestion.

3. Taking Your Time: Take your time with your meals. Eating slowly and taking the time to enjoy your food truly enhances the pleasure of eating and gives your body the time it needs to digest the food properly.

4. Light Physical Activity: After meals, engaging in light physical activity, such as a gentle walk, can aid digestion and help you relax further.

5. Mindfulness Practice: After meals, take a few moments for mindfulness practice. Close your eyes and focus on your breath, or savor the lingering taste of your meal. This helps to create a feeling of satisfaction and satiety and promotes relaxation.

Remember, the key is to make meal times an experience of nourishment and enjoyment rather than just another task to be done. Making a conscious effort to relax before and after meals can greatly enhance your overall well-being. At Needham Gastroenterology Associates, our experienced physicians are here to answer questions or provide treatment if needed – schedule an appointment.